Spondylolisthesis is the displacement of the vertebrae on top of each other forwards or backwards. The medical term used for spinal slippage is spondylolisthesis.
Spondylolisthesis, the slipping of one vertebra in relation to another, can be caused by various factors such as congenital malformations of the spinal joints, previous injuries or trauma, stress fractures of the joints also known as spondylolysis, joint inflammation or arthritis, and many other conditions.
In elderly people, spinal slippage may develop due to the wear and tear of joints and ligaments, regardless of whether there is a stress fracture or not.
A CT scan can be performed to search for stress fractures that are not always easy to detect on normal X-rays.
With an MRI, the structure of the spine, the condition of the joints and nerves, and nerve compression can be examined.
If satisfactory improvement in pain and similar complaints caused by lumbar spondylolisthesis can be achieved permanently with simple initial treatments, there is no need for lumbar spondylolisthesis surgery.
It is important to determine whether there is abnormal movement between the vertebrae in order to decide on spondylolisthesis surgery.
On the one hand, the experience of the surgical team and on the other hand, the technological facilities used during the surgeries significantly reduce the risks of the surgeries.
Spinal stenosis surgery is performed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, and to ensure that the spinal bones are properly and evenly positioned on top of each other.
To relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, during the surgery, a portion of bone tissue that is causing compression can be removed or filed down.
In order to ensure that the spinal bones are aligned properly and without causing any pain, a system of screws and plates known as “hardware” is used to secure the bones in the correct position during the surgery.
Following the surgery, a back brace is required until the bones start to heal and fuse together properly.
Afterwards, exercises to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles are recommended for the patient.